We follow the Early Years Statutory Framework and the National Curriculum for Science and the children are taught both scientific knowledge and the enquiry skills they will need to work scientifically. Over the course of an academic year, each class studies five Science topics which include a mixture of scientific knowledge and enquiry skills. Each topic is broken down into five or six big questions which the children will address over the course of the half term.

In our Nursery and Reception Classes, Science is taught as part of ‘Understanding the World’ and children are encouraged to make sense of the world around them as they work towards the Early Learning Goals. Learning in this phase is very much by the children’s interests, but to meet the Early Years Learning Goals, children at the end of Reception should be able to:

  • Explore the natural world around them, making observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants.
  • Know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them and contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class.
  • Understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around them, including the seasons and changing states of matter.

Years 1 and 2

In Years 1 and 2, there is a strong emphasis on the world around us, especially the living world, and the children enjoy spending time outdoors so that they can explore the plants and animals there. The children are encouraged to ask questions about the world around them and observe carefully, sorting objects in different ways and carrying out comparative tests with support from an adult.

YEAR 1 UNIT 1 UNIT 2 UNIT 3 UNIT 4

Seasonal Changes

This topic will need to be done across the year and should be recorded separately from the other Science topics. 

  1. What plants grow in our school? (Autumn 1)
  2. What are the different parts of a plant? (Autumn 1)
  3. What is My Adopted Tree Like? (Autumn 1)
  4. How do scientists find out about the world? (Autumn 1)  How can we measure the weather?
  5. What is Autumn Like? (Autumn 2)
  6. What happens to my tree in Autumn? (Autumn 2)
  7. What is Winter Like? (Spring 1)
  8. What happens to my tree in Winter? (Spring 1/ Autumn 2)
  9. What is Spring Like? (Spring 2/ Summer 1)
  10. What happens to my tree in Spring? (Spring 2)
  11. What is Summer Like? (Summer 2)
  12. What happens to my tree in Summer? (Summer 2)

People And Their Pets

  1. What are our bodies like and how do we use them?
  2. Which animals make good pets and why?
  3. How do you look after a guinea pig? (or another mammal)
  4. How do you look after a snake? (or another reptile)
  5. How do you look after a fish?
  6. How do scientists find out more about the world? How can we sort animals? 

Brilliant Birds

  1. What are birds?
  2. What birds are near our school and what do they need to survive?
  3. How do scientists find out about the world?
  4. How many birds visit our bird feeder?
  5. How do chicks change as they grow?
  6. What is special about ducks?
  7. How do scientists find out about the world? How many ducks can I find near to my school and what can I observe about them?

Marvellous Materials

  1. What objects can we find and what are they made of?
  2. How can we describe different materials?
  3. How do scientists find out about the world? How can we sort materials?
  4. How do scientists find out about the world? Are all plastics the same? 
  5. How do scientists find out about the world? Which material would make the best umbrella for teddy?
YEAR 2 UNIT 1 UNIT 2 UNIT 3 UNIT 4 UNIT 5

Amazing Me

  1. What do humans need to stay alive and healthy?
  2. How do scientists find out about the world? How do our bodies change after exercise? 
  3. How do humans change as they grow?
  4. How do scientists find out about the world? Does everyone in Year 2 have the same size feet?
  5. How do animals change as they grow?

Stretch and Bend!

  1. How can we describe different materials?
  2. What are different materials used for and why?
  3. How do scientists find out about the world? Which materials can we stretch, squash and bend?
  4. How do scientists find out about the world? Which material would make the best headband for teddy?
  5. Who was John Dunlop and why was he important?

Let It Grow!

  1. Where do plants come from?
  2. What is germination?
  3. How do scientists find things out? Do seeds need light to germinate?
  4. How do scientists find things out? What does a plant need to grow and survive?

Fabulous Frogs!

  1. What do frogs look like?
  2. What is the life cycle of a frog?
  3. What kind of animal is a frog?
  4. Where do common frogs live?
  5. What do frogs eat? Are frogs part of a food chain?

Living Things And Their Habitats

  1. How can we tell if something is  alive?
  2. What is it like to  live at the South Pole?
  3. Where can we find animals at school?
  4. How do scientists find out about the world? Where do woodlice like to live? 
  5. What do different animals eat?
  6. What is a food chain?

 

Years 3 and 4

In Years 3 and 4, the children build on and broaden their scientific knowledge further, becoming more aware of the separate disciplines of Biology, Physics and Chemistry. They become more independent in their investigative skills, developing an awareness of variables as they begin to design fair and comparative tests, sorting and classifying in more sophisticated ways and communicating their findings more clearly.

YEAR 3 UNIT 1 UNIT 2 UNIT 3 UNIT 4 UNIT 5

Animals Including Humans

  1. How do living things get their food?
  2. How can we eat healthily?
  3. What is a skeleton?
  4. How do scientists find out about the world? Do longer bones allow us to jump or throw further?
  5. Why do we have muscles?
  6. How do scientists find out about the world? How do animals with no skeleton move?

Forces And
Magnets

  1. What is a force?
  2. How do scientists
    find out
    about the world?
    Which
    material
    slows the
    toy car
    down the most?    
  3. What are magnets?
  4. How do scientists
    find out
    about the world?
    Which
    magnet
    is the strongest? 
  5. How do scientists find out about the world? Can magnets attract through different
    materials? 
  6. What happens when two magnets are pushed together?

Light

  1. What is light?
  2. How does
    light help us
    to see?
  3. What is a reflection?
  4. How is a shadow  formed?
  5. How do scientists
    find out
    about the
    world? Can
    we change
    the size of a
    shadow? 
  6. How do scientists find out about the world? Which material
    makes the
    best
    curtains?

Plants

  1. How do scientists find out about the world? How can we make our plants grow better?
  2. How does water travel through a plant?
  3. How are seeds formed?
  4. How do seeds travel?
  5. What are the different parts of a plant?

Rocks

  1. What kinds of rocks are there and how are they the same and different?
  2. What are the different types
    of rocks?
  3. How do scientists  find out about the world?
    What rocks can be found in our
    area and what are they used for? 
  4. What is a fossil?
  5. What is soil?
  6. How do
    scientists find
    out about the world? Can we compare
    different soils?
YEAR 4 UNIT 1 UNIT 2 UNIT 3 UNIT 4 UNIT 5

Animals Including Humans (Digestion)

  1. What happens to  food when you eat it?
  2. What jobs do our digestive organs do?
  3. Why do we have  different kinds of teeth?
  4. How do scientists  find out about the world? Which liquids will make our teeth decay more? 
  5. What do different animals eat?
  6. What is a food web?

States of Matter 

  1. What are the different  states
    of matter?
  2. How do
    scientists find  out about the world? Are all liquids the same? 
  3. When do different
    materials change state?
  4. How do scientists find  out about the world? At what temperature
    do different solids melt? 
  5. How do scientists find  out about the world? Where does water
    evaporate more quickly? 
  6. What is the water cycle?  

Sound 

  1. What is sound?
  2. How does sound  travel?
  3. How do scientists find out about the world? Which material
    would make the best ear muffs? 
  4. What is volume?
  5. How do scientists find out about the world? Does distance make a difference
    to volume? 
  6. What is pitch?

Electricity

  1. What is electricity?
  2. What do I need to build a circuit?
  3. What does a circuit need to work?
  4. What is a switch?
  5. What are conductors and insulators?
  6. How do we use  electricity
    in our daily lives?

Living Things And  Their Habitats 

  1. What are the features of living things?
  2. How can we
    sort living things?
  3. What is a classification
    key and how
    do we use it?
  4. How can we classify animals?
  5. How can we classify plants?
  6. How does the
    environment
  7. affect the plants and animals which live in it?

 

Years 5 and 6

In their final years at primary school, the children are expected to work independently to plan, carry out and evaluate scientific investigations, while developing an increasingly sophisticated understanding of classification.  They build further on their scientific knowledge, tackling some challenging concepts including gravity and the human circulatory system.

YEAR 5 UNIT 1 UNIT 2 UNIT 3 UNIT 4 UNIT 5

Properties and
changes of materials

  1. How do scientists
    find out about the
    world? How can we
    sort our materials
    and what can they
    used for?
  2. How do scientists find out about the world? Which materials are soluble in water? 
  3. How do scientists find out about the world? Does temperature
    affect solubility? 
  4. Can I get my salt
    back from a solution?
  5. How can mixtures
    be separated?
  6. What is the difference between a reversible and irreversible change?

Animals
Including Humans

RSE Materials used for this
topic.

Forces

  1. What are forces?
  2. What is gravity?
  3. How do
    scientists find
    out about
    the world? How can we
    measure
    gravity?
  4. What are air resistance and water resistance?
  5. How do
    scientists find
    out about the world? Which parachute will
    fall more
    slowly?
  6. How can simple  machines affect forces?
  7. How do
    scientists find
    out about the world? Does changing the position of the pivot affect the effort and load?

Earth
and Space

  1. Why does
    the moon look different at different
    times during
    the month?
  2. How does the Earth
    move in space?
  3. What is the solar
    system?
  4. Who was Galileo? How do scientists find out about the world?
  5. How do shadows  change throughout the day?
  6. How do
    planets in the solar system differ?

Living things
and
 their
habitats

  1. Why do some
    plants have
    flowers?
  2. How do other
    plants reproduce?
  3. Are the life
    cycles of all
    mammals the
    same?
  4. How does the life cycle of
    an amphibian compare to
    an insect?
  5. Why do birds lay eggs?
  6. Who is David Attenborough and why is he important?
YEAR 6 UNIT 1 UNIT 2 UNIT 3 UNIT 4 UNIT 5

Light

  1. How does light travel?
  2. How do we see things?
  3. How are shadows made?
  4. What
    is a reflection?
  5. What happens when
    light is
    refracted?

Electricity

  1. What are the different components
    in a series circuit and what job do  they do?
  2. How do we draw
    circuits?
  3. How do scientists
    find out about the world? What
    happens
    if you
    change the components
    in a series circuit?  
  4. What is the difference between a series circuit and a
    parallel circuit?
  5. How do scientists
    find out
    about the world? What happens if there is a break in a parallel
    circuit?

Animals
Including
Humans

  1. What is in our blood
    and how does
    it travel
    around the
    body?
  2. How does the heart work?
  3. What is the circulatory system?
  4. How are
    nutrients transported around the body?
  5. How can
    what we eat and how we exercise
    keep us healthy?
  6. How do drugs affect how the body works?

Evolution
and
Inheritance

  1. What are inheritance
    and variation?
  2. What are the different ways animals and
    plants have adapted to
    survive in their habitats?
  3. How do
    scientists find
    out about the world? Which beak is best?
  4. How have
    different types
    of animals developed
    over time?
  5. What is the theory of evolution?
  6. How do fossils provide
    evidence for evolution?

Living Things
and Their
Habitats

  1. What sorts of living things
    are there?
  2. How can we
    sort animals?
  3. How can we
    sort animals which have similar
    characteristics?
  4. How can we
    sort plants?
  5. How can living things
    be grouped
    and why is
    this useful?
  6. How do scientists find out about the world? What organisms live
    in a local habitat?